Social Sciences

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Dynamics of Development and Functions of Social Services in Bulgaria

Received: 24 February 2024    Accepted: 7 March 2024    Published: 20 March 2024
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Abstract

The research objectives of this article are two: 1. to attempt to analyze the current dynamics of development of social services in Bulgaria over the last 4-5 years and 2. to analyze the content of the functions of social services existing today in Bulgaria. The leading method of work on this article is the theoretical analysis aimed at two types of sources: 1. theoretical analysis of the main legal effective document on social services in Bulgaria and 2. theoretical analysis of some literary sources in social work. The dynamics of development of social services in Bulgaria is the result of the entry into force of the Social Services Act, which has a reforming nature in the social sphere in the country. The established practices of the societies of the democratic countries and the broad theoretical generalizations achieved for the social sphere in the 20th century in the works of many authors today really help the countries of Eastern Europe to consider and receive ready-made models for constructing public relations in the field of social services. Some of the functions of social services in nowadays Bulgaria can be distinguished and derived on the basis of the current legislation in the country, and another part is fundamentally inherent in the social sphere in democratic countries and in the theory. Social services in modern Bulgaria have the following functions: preventive, supportive and restorative, control, complex, organizational and planning, accessibility function, function to protect human rights and provide equal opportunity, function to implement change for people, guiding function, social-educational and correctional function, personality change function. The significance of this article consists in the theoretical explanation of the leading functions in social services in the modern conditions of life in Bulgaria. Social services are a field of action and probably have some potential to become one of the tools for uniting the currently diverse not only Bulgarian society, and clarifying the problem with the functions of social services could help to find some practical solutions to live together in peace.

DOI 10.11648/j.ss.20241302.13
Published in Social Sciences (Volume 13, Issue 2, April 2024)
Page(s) 35-41
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Social Services, Social Work, Functions, Functions of Social Services, Bulgaria

References
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[4] Genov, Pl. Protected housing. Sofia: IC "NI PLUS", 2023. [Bulgarian]. [Генов, Пл. Защитено жилище. София: ИК “НИ ПЛЮС”, 2023].
[5] Habermas J. A New Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere and Deliberative Politics, Sofia: Criticism and Humanism, 2023. [Хабермас, Ю. Едно ново структурно изменение на публичността. София: Критика и хуманизъм, 2023].
[6] Ilieva, M. New Social Services Act. European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination. European Commission. 2019. Available from: https://www.equalitylaw.eu/downloads/4878-bulgaria-new-social-services-act-pdf-108-kb [Accessed 6 March 2024].
[7] Kosta, М. (2012) Deinstitutionalization and quality alternative care for children in Europe. Еrochild, EU. Available from: http://tinyurl.com/d-i-workingpaper. [Accessed 17 February 2024].
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[9] McMillan D. W., & Chavis, D. M. (1986). Sense of community: A definition and theory. In: Journal of Community Psychology, 14(1), 6–23. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/235356904_Sense_of_Community_A_Definition_and_Theory. [Accessed 6 March 2024].
[10] Murphy, J. W. (2014). Community-Based Interventions. Philosophy and Action: International Perspectives on Social Policy, Administration, and Practice. New York: Springer. Available from: https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/978-1-4899-8020-5.pdf [Accessed 6 March 2024]. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-8020-5
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[14] Shivacheva, I. Need to raise the qualifications of those working in the social sphere. In: Proceedings of a Science conference with international participation. Yambol: Press of Thracian University, Bulgaria, 2008, p. 254. [Bulgarian]. [Шивачева, И. Необходимост от повишаване квалификацията на работещите в социалната сфера. В: Сборник от Научна конференция с международно участие. Ямбол: Издат. "Тракийски университет", България, 2008, с. 254.].
[15] Spasov, K. Social management. Sofia: Personnel Consult – G. Popov, 2011. [Bulgarian]. [Спасов, К. Социален мениджмънт. София: Персонал Консулт – Г. Попов, 2011].
[16] Tsvetanova, V. Socio-pedagogical characteristics of foster care. Blagoevgrad: Univ. Press “Neophyte Rilski”, 2021, p. 92. [Bulgarian]. [Цветанова, В. Социалнопедагогически характеристики на приемната грижа. Благоевград: Унив. издат. “Неофит Рилски”, Bulgaria, 2021, с. 92].
[17] Weaver, T. (2021). Roberto Esposito. In Political Theology Network. Available from: https://politicaltheology.com/roberto-esposito/ [Accessed 6 March 2024].
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  • @article{10.11648/j.ss.20241302.13,
      author = {Tsetska Kolarova},
      title = {Dynamics of Development and Functions of Social Services in Bulgaria},
      journal = {Social Sciences},
      volume = {13},
      number = {2},
      pages = {35-41},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ss.20241302.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ss.20241302.13},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ss.20241302.13},
      abstract = {The research objectives of this article are two: 1. to attempt to analyze the current dynamics of development of social services in Bulgaria over the last 4-5 years and 2. to analyze the content of the functions of social services existing today in Bulgaria. The leading method of work on this article is the theoretical analysis aimed at two types of sources: 1. theoretical analysis of the main legal effective document on social services in Bulgaria and 2. theoretical analysis of some literary sources in social work. The dynamics of development of social services in Bulgaria is the result of the entry into force of the Social Services Act, which has a reforming nature in the social sphere in the country. The established practices of the societies of the democratic countries and the broad theoretical generalizations achieved for the social sphere in the 20th century in the works of many authors today really help the countries of Eastern Europe to consider and receive ready-made models for constructing public relations in the field of social services. Some of the functions of social services in nowadays Bulgaria can be distinguished and derived on the basis of the current legislation in the country, and another part is fundamentally inherent in the social sphere in democratic countries and in the theory. Social services in modern Bulgaria have the following functions: preventive, supportive and restorative, control, complex, organizational and planning, accessibility function, function to protect human rights and provide equal opportunity, function to implement change for people, guiding function, social-educational and correctional function, personality change function. The significance of this article consists in the theoretical explanation of the leading functions in social services in the modern conditions of life in Bulgaria. Social services are a field of action and probably have some potential to become one of the tools for uniting the currently diverse not only Bulgarian society, and clarifying the problem with the functions of social services could help to find some practical solutions to live together in peace.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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    AB  - The research objectives of this article are two: 1. to attempt to analyze the current dynamics of development of social services in Bulgaria over the last 4-5 years and 2. to analyze the content of the functions of social services existing today in Bulgaria. The leading method of work on this article is the theoretical analysis aimed at two types of sources: 1. theoretical analysis of the main legal effective document on social services in Bulgaria and 2. theoretical analysis of some literary sources in social work. The dynamics of development of social services in Bulgaria is the result of the entry into force of the Social Services Act, which has a reforming nature in the social sphere in the country. The established practices of the societies of the democratic countries and the broad theoretical generalizations achieved for the social sphere in the 20th century in the works of many authors today really help the countries of Eastern Europe to consider and receive ready-made models for constructing public relations in the field of social services. Some of the functions of social services in nowadays Bulgaria can be distinguished and derived on the basis of the current legislation in the country, and another part is fundamentally inherent in the social sphere in democratic countries and in the theory. Social services in modern Bulgaria have the following functions: preventive, supportive and restorative, control, complex, organizational and planning, accessibility function, function to protect human rights and provide equal opportunity, function to implement change for people, guiding function, social-educational and correctional function, personality change function. The significance of this article consists in the theoretical explanation of the leading functions in social services in the modern conditions of life in Bulgaria. Social services are a field of action and probably have some potential to become one of the tools for uniting the currently diverse not only Bulgarian society, and clarifying the problem with the functions of social services could help to find some practical solutions to live together in peace.
    
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Author Information
  • Department of Social Pedagogy and Social Work, Faculty of Educational Studies and the Arts, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Sofia, Bulgaria

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